The Rear Naked Choke, also known as 'Mata Leão' or 'Lion Killer' in Brazilian Portuguese, is a well-known submission technique used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ). This chokehold is highly effective and is capable of causing an opponent to lose consciousness if not promptly responded to. The technique primarily targets the carotid arteries, with the goal of reducing the amount of blood that reaches the brain.
Start by achieving a back-mount position on your opponent. This position gives you control over your opponent's body, allowing you to focus on applying the choke.
With one arm, loop around your opponent's neck so that their throat is cradled in the crook of your elbow. With your other hand, grasp the bicep of the arm that is around the neck, and place your second arm behind your opponent's head. This applies the 'squeeze' of the choke.
To defend against the Rear Naked Choke, it's important to control the attacker's hands to prevent them from completing the choke. Another tactic, similar to the counter, is to tuck your chin and turn into the choke.
The most effective way to counter a Rear Naked Choke is to stop it before it's fully applied. This involves tucking the chin, pulling down on the attacker's choking arm, and turning towards the choke to relieve pressure.
In a competition setting, a fighter may use the Rear Naked Choke when they've managed to achieve back-mount dominance over their opponent. This technique is reliable and effective, which makes it an essential tool in a BJJ fighter's arsenal. It's also flexible and can be used in many situations, including self-defense contexts.
As with all submissions in jiu-jitsu, it's important to respect your training partners and use control when practicing the Rear Naked Choke. The speed and pressure with which this choke can end a competition are testament to its power.
The Rear Naked Choke is a foundational technique in BJJ known for its efficacy and straightforward application. Mastering this move not only equips combatants with a powerful submission but also serves as a stepping stone to understanding the intricacies of leverage and control in martial arts.